Munneswaram temple is a Hindu temple in Sri Lanka. There are so many myths behind the temple’s existence. It is believed that the temple is built in 1000 CE and it is associate with the Indian epic Ramayana and Lord ram. Munneswaram temple is one of the ancient Pancha Ishwarams dedicated to the shiva in the region.
The temple complex has one Buddhist Temple, the most prestigious and biggest The Shiva Temple, Ganesha Temple, Ayyanayake temple, and kali temple. The Kali temple is also popular with the Buddhist ethnic group.
Post-19th century, a lot of the enthusiasts of all temples in the facility belong to the majority Sinhala Buddhist ethnic group; omitting the Ayyanayake as well as the Buddhist temple, are provided by family members belonging to the minority Hindu Tamils.
The temple is located in Munneswaram, a village with combined Sinhala as well as Tamil population situated in the historical Demala Pattuva region in the Puttalam District. The main Shiva temple owns considerable property in the surrounding villages, possession of which was affirmed when the region belonged to the medieval Kotte Kingdom.
The temple was destroyed twice by the Portuguese colonial officers, that turned over the properties to the Jesuits. Although the Jesuits developed a Catholic church over the temple structure, locals reconstructed the temple both times. As a result of religious and demographic change after the late 18th century, most surrounding villages and also towns are not directly connected with temple management and maintenance. However, the villages of Maradankulama and Udappu are associated with arranging the major temple celebration.
Munneswaram temple is located in Munneswaram village, the center of the spiritual and also religious life of the people residence in a medieval administrative division called Munneswaram Pattuva. For the majority of the temple’s presence, Munneswaram Pattuva has actually had over 60 villages for which Maradankulama offered political management.
The Pattuva belonged to an also bigger medieval division called Demala Pattuva ruled by semi-independent Tamil chiefs subject to Sinhalese kingdoms. The presiding deity is called Sri Munnainathar and the goddess is called Sri Vativampika Devi.
The temple has traditionally been connected with the nearby pearling and also the fishing town of Chilaw, along with the landed gentry of the surrounding villages that offered the sources to preserve the temple. Closeness to the trading routes as well as to the port supplied an opportunity for transmission of suggestions and also people from India to Sri Lanka. The Pattuva has several temples committed to the higher echelons of Hindu or Buddhist deities, and to village guardian divine beings such Ayyanar or Ayyanayake, Viramunda, Kadavara, and also Bandara.
Anthropologist Rohan Bastin hypothesizes that the primary Siva temple was as soon as a small shrine dedicated to village guardian divine being Munisvaran that was changed right into a significant Siva temple due to imperial patronage. The temple was currently a well-established temple by the 11th century CE, as it had released coins by then. The temple started under the patronage of Pattuva principals as well as was most likely created during the very early part of the 10th century CE.
A ferry transported investors, explorers, and also historians such as Ibn Battuta from Tenavaram temple, Tevan Thurai to the Chera as well as Chola kingdoms of Tamilakam, stopping at Puttalam of the Jaffna kingdom as well as cruising the Gulf of Mannar during the 14th century CE.
The Siva temple is traditionally confirmed in gives and in local literary works. The Kali temple is a popular sorcery and cursing temple related to animal sacrifices and spirit possession. Spirit belongings of enthusiasts was kept in mind by the Jesuit priests that left behind documents of it in the 16th century.
The temple committed to the Sinhala divine being Ayyanayake is provided by neighborhood Sinhalese family members. The Buddhist temple Pushparamaya Vihara is a post-19th century CE addition. The Ganesha temple, located to the southwest of the main temple is the most recent among the Hindu temples and was constructed throughout the very early 19th century by artisans from South India. Munneswaram, along with Koneswaram (Trincomalee), Naguleswaram (Keerimalai), Thiruketheeshwaram (Mannar), creates the five ancient temples (Ishwarams) dedicated to Shiva in the area including Sri Lanka.
The Munneswaram temple is well known for its celebration of Navaratri and Shivaratri. Navratri is dedicated to the various aspects of the presiding goddess and Shivaratri is dedicated to the lord shiva. Both these temples attract the Hindus to the temple. The annual Munneswaram festival is an important part of the temple and it attracts Hindus, Buddhists, Catholics, and even Muslims. This festival lasts for 28 days in the month of August and September.
Munneswaram Temple Darshan Timing
|5.30 A.M TO 8.00 P.M|
Munneswaram Temple Pooja Timing
|Ushakkala Pooja||5.30 AM|
|Kalasanthi Pooja||7.30 AM|
|Uchikala Pooja||12.00 PM|
|Sayaratsa Pooja||5.00 PM|
|Sandyakala Pooja||7.00 PM|
|Ardajama Pooja||8.00 PM|